Department of Finance Canada Quarterly Financial Report for the Quarter Ended September 30, 2017 (unaudited)
Table of Contents
This quarterly financial report has been prepared by management as required by section 65.1 of the Financial Administration Act and in the form and manner prescribed by the Directive on Accounting Standards, GC 4400 Departmental Quarterly Financial Reports. This quarterly financial report should be read in conjunction with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates of the Department of Finance Canada.
The quarterly financial report has not been subject to an external audit or review.
1.1 Authority, Mandate and Program Activities
The Department of Finance Canada (the ‘Department’) provides the Government of Canada with high quality advice on appropriate economic, fiscal, tax, social, security, international and financial sector policies and programs with the goal of strengthening the Canadian economy and maintaining sustainable fiscal policy and social programs.
The Department’s responsibilities include the following:
- Preparing the federal Budget and the Fall Economic Statement;
- Preparing the Annual Financial Report of the Government of Canada and, in cooperation with the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat and the Receiver General for Canada, the Public Accounts of Canada;
- Developing tax and tariff policy and legislation;
- Managing federal borrowing on financial markets;
- Designing and administering major transfers of federal funds to the provinces and territories;
- Developing financial sector policy and legislation; and
- Representing Canada in various international financial institutions and organizations.
The description of the program activities for the Department can be found in 2017-18-estimates.html">Part II of the Main Estimates and the Departmental Plan.
1.2 Basis of Presentation
This quarterly report has been prepared by management using an expenditure basis of accounting. The accompanying Statement of Authorities includes the Department’s spending authorities granted by Parliament and those used by the Department, consistent with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates for both fiscal years as well as transfers from Treasury Board central votes that are approved by the end of the quarter. This quarterly financial report has been prepared using a special purpose financial reporting framework designed to meet financial information needs with respect to the use of spending authorities.
The authority of Parliament is required before monies can be spent by the Government. Approvals are given in the form of annually approved limits through appropriation acts or through legislation in the form of statutory spending authority for specific purposes.
The Department uses the full accrual method of accounting to prepare and present its annual departmental financial statements that are part of the departmental performance reporting process. However, the spending authorities voted by Parliament remain on an expenditure basis.
1.3 Department of Finance Canada – Financial Structure
The Department has three major categories of expenditure authority. These categories are:
- Voted budgetary authorities: included in this category are the operational expenditures of the Department itself as well as authorized expenditures under grants and contribution programs. These expenditures must be specifically approved by Parliament through an appropriation act.
- Statutory budgetary authorities: included in this category are expenditure authorities that are granted through an existing Act of Parliament. Further parliamentary approval is not required for expenditures related to statutory amounts and it is within the normal course of business that statutory expenditures may in some cases exceed planned spending estimates. Departmental statutory payments include those made under the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act as well as interest incurred in connection with the public debt of Canada.
- Non-budgetary authorities: included in this category are disbursements made by the Department which do not have a direct budgetary impact to the Government. This includes the value of loans initially disbursed to Crown Corporations participating in the Crown Borrowing Framework.
2. Highlights of fiscal quarter and fiscal year-to-date (YTD) results
This Departmental Quarterly Financial Report (QFR) reflects the results of the current fiscal period in relation to the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates A of 2016-17.
The following graph provides a comparison of budgetary authorities available for the full fiscal year and budgetary expenditures for the first six months of 2016-17 and 2017–18. Non-budgetary authorities related to the value of loans disbursed to Crown Corporations participating in the Crown Borrowing Framework are not reflected in the Estimates.
Sections 2.1 and 2.2 below highlight the significant items that contributed to the increase in the resources available from 2016-17 to 2017-18 and the increase in actual expenditures as at September 30, 2017 compared to September 30, 2016. Full details can be found in Table 1, Statement of Authorities found at the end of this document.
2.1 Authorities Analysis
The following table provides a comparison of cumulative authorities by vote for the current and previous fiscal years.
|Authorities Available (in millions)||2017-18||2016-17||$||%|
|Vote 1 - Program Authorities||89.3||90.7||(1.4)||-1.5|
|Major transfers to other levels of government||67,956.4||65,989.9||1,966.5||3.0|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities||21,490.0||22,782.0||(1,292.0)||-5.7|
|Direct program expenses||607.9||601.2||6.7||1.1|
|Total Budgetary authorities||90,143.6||89,463.8||679.8||0.8|
Authorities available in fiscal year 2017-18 are $90,143.6 million at the end of the second quarter as compared to $89,463.8 million at the end of the second quarter of 2016–17, representing an increase of $679.8 million.
Voted budgetary authorities
Total 2017-18 Vote 1 program authorities available as at September 30, 2017 are $89.3 million compared to $90.7 million for the same period in 2016-17, representing a decrease of $1.4 million. This decrease is mainly attributable to the following factors:
- Budget 2015 Initiatives – a decrease of $1.0 million consisting of $0.6 million for the G–20 Framework Working Group and $0.4 million for the Corporate Asset Management Review; and
- Budget 2016 reductions – a decrease of $0.5 million to professional services, advertising, and travel.
Statutory budgetary authorities
Statutory Authorities available in fiscal year 2017-18 are $90,054.3 million at the end of the second quarter compared to $89,373.1 million at the end of the same quarter of 2016-17, representing an increase $681.2 million.
This increase of $681.2 million relates to three broad categories: an increase of $1,966.5 million in major transfers to other levels of government, an increase of $6.7 million in authorities for direct program expenses and a decrease of $1,292.0 million in Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities. Additional details are provided below.
Authorities for major transfers to other levels of government as at September 30, 2017 are $67,956.4 million compared to $65,989.9 million for the same period in 2016-17. The increase of $1,966.5 million is due to the net effect of the following increases and decreases in transfers:
- Canada Health Transfer – An increase of $1,082.0 million reflecting the annual increased funding commitment in the Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act, 2012. This program will grow based on a 3-year moving average of nominal gross domestic product, with funding guaranteed to increase by at least 3% per year;
- Canada Social Transfer – An increase of $400.4 million reflecting the 3% annual increased funding commitment in the Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act, 2012;
- Fiscal Equalization – An increase of $373.2 million reflecting the 2.09% gross domestic product-based escalator being applied to the 2016-17 level;
- Territorial Financing – An increase of $145.5 million reflecting the incorporation of new and updated data for territorial expenditure requirements and revenue capacities into the program’s legislated formula;
- Alternative Payments for Standing Programs – A decrease in recoveries in the amount of $20.5 million is a result of a decrease in the estimated value of personal income tax points that were transferred to Quebec; and
- Youth Allowance Recovery – A decrease in recoveries in the amount of $2.0 million reflects a decrease in the estimated value of personal income tax points that were transferred to Quebec.
- Additional Fiscal Equalization to Nova Scotia – A decrease of $43.9 million is due to new data entering the formula, which uses an average of data for three fiscal years. This program ensures that there is no reduction in combined Equalization and 2005 Offshore Accord Offset Payments relative to the previous Equalization formula (pre-2007); and
- Additional Fiscal Equalization Offset Payment to Nova Scotia – A decrease of $13.3 million due to a decline in Nova Scotia's offshore oil and gas revenues. The Nova Scotia 2005 offshore arrangement provides offset payments equal to the decline in Equalization due to the inclusion of these revenues in the program.
Authorities for direct program expenses at the end of the second quarter of fiscal year 2017-18 are $607.9 million as compared to $601.2 million at the same period in 2016-17, representing an increase of $6.7 million. This increase of $6.7 million is due to the net effect of the following factors:
- Domestic Coinage – An increase of $8.0 million largely due to the recently enacted amendments to the Royal Canadian Mint Act, which repealed the provision that prohibited the Mint from anticipating profit with respect to the provision of goods and services to the Government of Canada and its agents;
- Contribution to Employee Benefit Plans – A decrease of $1.2 million primarily due to a decrease in the percentage of salary budgets devoted to benefit programs.
Authorities for the Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities as at September 30, 2017 are $21,490.0 million compared to $22,782.0 million at the same period in 2016–17. The decrease of $1,292.0 million is mainly due to the following factors:
- Interest on Unmatured Debt – A decrease of $764.0 million due to a downward revision of interest rates by private sector economists for 2017-18 consistent with the 2016 Fall Economic Statement; and
- Other Interest Costs – A decrease of $528.0 million reflecting a forecasted decrease in long-term bond rates by private sector economists in the 2016 Fall Economic Statement, which affects the average long-term bond rate that is used to calculate interest on the public sector pension obligations pertaining to services pre-April 1, 2000.
Non-budgetary authorities related to the value of loans disbursed to Crown Corporations participating in the Crown Borrowing Framework are not reflected in the Estimates. The gross borrowing requirements for Crown Corporations are driven by the need to match the term and structure of the borrowing requirements of corporations’ clients. These activities are influenced by current and expectations of future, economic conditions and can vary greatly over a short period of time. For example, if clients of the Crown Corporation are seeking short-term, floating rate loans, the Crown Corporation will seek to match that with short-term borrowings from the government. This will result in the loan being refinanced several times through the year, with higher gross borrowings associated with a smaller net borrowing amount. This can change very quickly should market conditions suggest interest rates are going to rise and their clients seek to lock in their borrowing costs through longer term borrowings. As such, there can be very large and significant variances both inter-year and intra-year. Given the risk of forecast inaccuracy and that the gross advances to Crown Corporations are a non-budgetary item and do not impact on the net-debt of the government, the Department only reports on actual borrowings by the Crown Corporations.
2.2 Expenditure Analysis
The following table provides a comparison of cumulative spending by vote for the current and previous fiscal years.
|Year to date expenditures (in millions)||2017-18||2016-17||$||%|
|Vote 1 - Program Expenditures||44.6||46.9||(2.3)||-4.9|
|Major transfers to other levels of government||34,396.2||33,540.7||855.5||2.6|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities||10,167.3||10,931.4||(764.1)||-7.0|
|Direct program expenses||524.0||62.3||461.7||741.1|
|Sub Total Statutory||45,087.5||44,534.4||553.1||1.2|
|Total Budgetary expenditures||45,132.1||44,581.3||550.8||1.2|
|Total year to date expenditures||66,886.9||71,331.6||(4,444.7)||-6.2|
At the end of the second quarter of the 2017-18 fiscal year, total expenditures were $68,886.9 million compared to $71,331.6 million reported in the same period of 2016–17, representing a decrease of $4,444.7 million or 6.2%.
Voted budgetary expenditures
Total 2017-18 Vote 1 program expenditures at the end of the second quarter were $44.6 million compared to $46.9 million for the same period in fiscal year 2016-17, representing a decrease of $2.3 million or 4.9%. The decrease is primarily due to the net effect of the following factors
- $2.3 million arising from the change in timing of payments made for legal services; and
- $4.0 million for the Harbourfront Centre Funding Program that was transferred to Canadian Heritage in 2016-17
There is a salary increase of $3.7 million arising from updated collective bargaining agreements.
Statutory budgetary expenditures
Total statutory expenditures at the end of the second quarter of 2017-18 are $45,087.5 million as compared to $44,534.4 million at the end of the second quarter of 2016-17 representing an increase of $553.1 million or 1.2%.
This increase is primarily attributable to an increase of $855.5 million in major transfers to other levels of government and an increase of $461.7 million in direct program expenses, offset by a decrease of $764.1 million in Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities (decrease of $521.7 million and decrease of $242.4 million, respectively).
Expenditures related to major transfers to other levels of government as at September 30, 2017 are $34,396.2 million compared to $33,540.7 million for the same period in 2016–17 representing an increase of $855.5 million. This increase is primarily due to the net effect of following factors:
- Canada Health Transfer – An increase of $541.0 million;
- Canada Social Transfer – An increase of $200.2 million;
- Fiscal Equalization – An increase of $186.6 million; and
- Territorial Financing – An increase of $19.5 million;
- Youth Allowances Recovery – An increase in recoveries of $18.4 million; and
- Alternative Payments for Standing Programs – An increase in recoveries of $73.5 million.
Explanations for the changes in the items listed above are consistent with the explanations found under the statutory budgetary authorities in Section 2.1.
Direct Program Expenditures at the end of the second quarter of fiscal year 2017-18 are $524.0 million as compared to $62.3 million for the same period in 2016-17 representing an increase of $461.7 million. This increase is primarily due to the net effect of the following factors:
- Funding for Home Care Services and Mental Health Care Services – Budget 2017 committed to make available to provinces and territories an additional $11 billion over 10 years, starting in 2017-18, to support better home care and mental health initiatives. $300 million was paid to provinces in 2017-18 ($200 million for home care services and $100 million for mental health services);
- Losses on Foreign Exchange – An increase of $158.1 million due to the revaluation of International Monetary Fund related accounts; and
- Payment to the Canada Infrastructure Bank (CIB) – The CIB was established by the Canada Infrastructure Bank Act which received Royal Assent as part of the Budget Implementation Act, 2017, No 1. As part of the Government of Canada's historic Investing in Canada plan the Bank will use federal support to attract private sector and institutional investment to new revenue-generating infrastructure projects that are in the public interest. The payment of $5.6 million is to allow the Bank to commence its business and activities.
There is a decrease of $1.1 million in Payment of Liabilities Previously Recorded as Revenue.
Expenditures for the Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities as at September 30, 2017 are $10,167.3 million compared to $10.931.4 million at the same period in 2016-17 representing a decrease of $764.1 million. The decrease is due to the following factors:
- Interest on Unmatured Debt – A decrease of $521.7 million, largely reflecting lower Consumer Price Index adjustments on Real Return Bonds and a lower average effective interest rate on the stock of Government of Canada bonds; and
- Interest on Other Liabilities – A decrease of $242.4 million, largely reflecting a decrease in the average Government of Canada long-term bond rate, which is used to calculate interest on public sector pension obligations pertaining to service pre-April 1, 2000.
Non-budgetary expenditures at the end of the second quarter of 2017-18 are $21,745.8 million compared to $26,750.3 million at the end of the same quarter in the prior year representing a decrease of $4,995.5 million. This decrease is due to the net of following factors:
- a decrease of $4,998.5 million related to the value of loans disbursed to Crown Corporations participating in the Crown Borrowing Framework. Gross borrowings by Crown Corporations are based on demand and the business requirements of the participating entities, and also depend on the terms of the Crown Corporation borrowings. As such, amounts can vary significantly from year to year; and
- an increase of $3.0 million in Advances pursuant to section 13(1) of the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada Act.
Significant Changes on the Departmental budgetary expenditures by Standard Object table
Table 2, located at the end of this report, presents Budgetary Expenditures by Standard Object (SO). The main variance in expenditures between 2017–18 and 2016–17 by standard object are as follows:
- Transfer Payments (SO 10) – A net increase of $1,151.6 million of which $855.5 million is related to an increase in the statutory expenditures pursuant to major transfers to other levels of government and $300 million in direct Program Expense for Home Care Services and Mental Health Services;
- Other Subsidies and Payments (SO 12) – An increase of $163.0 million resulting from gains on foreign exchange; and
- Public Debt Charges (SO 11) – A decrease of $764.1 million.
The year over year variances are explained in detail in the preceding Section 2.2.
Expenditures in the second quarter of fiscal 2017-18 were $32,838.1 million compared with $35,916.2 million for the second quarter of 2016-17, representing a decrease of $3,078.1 million or 8.6% in quarterly spending.
|Expenditures for the Second Quarter (in millions)||2017-18||2016-17||$||%|
|Vote 1 - Program Expenditures||23.4||23.2||0.2||0.9%|
|Major transfers to other levels of government||17,084.1||16,693.9||390.2||2.3%|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities||4,846.1||5,262.3||(416.2)||-7.9%|
|Direct program expenses||438.8||12.0||426.8||3556.7%|
|Sub Total Statutory||22,369.0||21,968.2||400.8||1.8%|
|Total Budgetary expenditures||22,392.4||21,991.4||401.0||1.8%|
|Total expenditures for the third quarter||32,838.1||35,916.2||(3,078.1)||-8.6%|
Variance explanations of the quarterly spending are in line with year to date variance explanations provided in Section 2.2.
3. Risks and Uncertainties
The Department of Finance Canada’s plans and commitments respond to, and are shaped by, changes in the global economic situation and the Canadian outlook. The Department relies on the skills and experience of its employees to detect, monitor and respond to changes in the operating environment. The Department continues to focus on employee development, particularly strengthening analytical capacity. The Department also relies on close and effective collaborative relationships with partners and stakeholders to establish priorities, provide high–quality analysis, and ensure coordinated responses to urgent issues.
Planned activities in support of the Department’s objectives are also vulnerable to information technology issues. The Department relies on efficient and effective information management and technology to deliver informed policy advice and operate as an agile and responsive knowledge-based institution, while protecting its highly sensitive institutional information. Cybersecurity incidents and failures in supporting systems have been identified as risks that could cause serious disruptions and affect the Department’s ability to execute critical government operations, including tax and transfer payments, and public debt-related transactions. A Business Continuity Plan is in place to ensure that critical payments are maintained in case of a system failure. Further, the Department is committed to building on recent improvements to increase the security posture of its information technology infrastructure and ensure the effective protection of its information assets.
The Department of Finance Canada’s Corporate Risk Profile provides a snapshot of the Department’s key corporate risks. It focuses the attention and action of senior management on measures to mitigate the adverse effects of global economic uncertainty and their impact on the Canadian economy. The Department monitors its corporate risks and associated risk responses to identify areas of opportunity and to reflect progress made in implementing measures to mitigate risks.
4. Significant changes in relation to operations, personnel and programs
Effective September 11, 2017, Adelle Laniel was appointed as Chief Financial Officer for the Department of Finance.
5. Approval by Senior Officials
November 29, 2017
|Fiscal year 2017-2018||Fiscal year 2016-2017|
|Total available for use for the
March 31, 2018 *
|Used during the
September 30, 2017
|Year to date used at
|Total available for use for the
March 31, 2017 *
|Used during the
September 30, 2016
|Year to date used at
|Total voted authorities||89,280||23,435||44,610||90,741||23,234||46,903|
|Major transfers to other levels of government|
|Canada Health Transfer (Part V.1 - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||37,149,703||9,287,425||18,574,851||36,067,673||9,016,918||18,033,836|
|Canada Social Transfer (Part V.1 - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||13,748,395||3,437,099||6,874,198||13,347,956||3,336,989||6,673,978|
|Fiscal Equalization (Part I - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||18,253,657||4,563,415||9,126,829||17,880,415||4,470,104||8,940,208|
|Territorial Financing (Part I.1 - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangement Act)||3,681,831||751,094||2,179,644||3,536,328||788,063||2,160,158|
|Statutory Subsidies (Constitution Acts, 1867-1982, and Other Statutory Authorities)||42,356||19,941||21,178||42,363||19,943||21,181|
|Youth Allowances Recovery (Federal-Provincial Fiscal Revision Act, 1964)||(888,654)||-||(430,712)||(890,667)||-||(412,317)|
|Other major transfers|
|Addtional Fiscal Equalization Offset Payment to Nova Scotia (Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador Additional Fiscal Equalization Offset Payments Act)||19,957||-||-||33,255||-||-|
|Additional Fiscal Equalization to Nova Scotia (Part I - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||(27,918)||-||-||16,026||-||-|
|Alternative Payments for Standing Programs (Part VI - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||(4,022,927)||(974,899)||(1,949,797)||(4,043,422)||(938,162)||(1,876,325)|
|Total major transfers to other levels of government||67,956,400||17,084,075||34,396,191||65,989,927||16,693,855||33,540,719|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Other Public Debt Costs||14,924,000||3,195,333||6,845,553||15,688,000||3,499,233||7,367,259|
|Interest on Other Liabilities||6,566,000||1,650,806||3,321,766||7,094,000||1,763,034||3,564,121|
|Total Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities||21,490,000||4,846,139||10,167,319||22,782,000||5,262,267||10,931,380|
|Direct program expenses|
|Purchase of Domestic Coinage||104,000||27,539||52,561||96,000||25,592||52,961|
|Contributions to Employee Benefit Plans||11,037||2,759||5,518||12,222||3,055||6,111|
|Minister of Finance - Salary and motor car allowance||84||21||42||83||28||35|
|Payments to International Development Association||441,610||-||-||441,620||-||-|
|Debt payments on behalf of poor countries to International Organizations pursuant to section 18(1) of the Economic Recovery Act||51,200||-||-||51,200||-||-|
|Funding for Home Care Services and Mental Health Care Services (Budget Implementation Act, 2017 No. 1)||-||300,000||300,000||-||-||-|
|Losses on Foreign Exchange||-||101,931||158,963||-||(18,312)||818|
|Payment of Liabilities Previously Recorded as Revenue||-||951||1,268||1,636||2,396|
|Payment to the Canada Infrastructure Bank (Canada Infrastructure Bank Act)||-||5,610||5,610||-||-||-|
|Total direct program expenses||607,931||438,811||523,962||601,125||11,999||62,321|
|Total statutory authorities||90,054,331||22,369,025||45,087,472||89,373,052||21,968,121||44,534,420|
|Total budgetary authorities||90,143,611||22,392,460||45,132,082||89,463,793||21,991,355||44,581,323|
|Advances to Crown corporations (Gross)||-||10,439,672||21,745,775||-||13,920,850||26,744,284|
|Advances pursuant to section 13(1) of the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada Act (Gross)||-||6,000||9,000||-||4,000||6,000|
|Total non-budgetary authorities||-||10,445,672||21,754,775||-||13,924,850||26,750,284|
|* Includes only Authorities available for use and granted by Parliament at quarter-end|
|Fiscal year 2017-2018||Fiscal year 2016-2017|
|Planned expenditures for the year
March 31, 2018
|Expended during the
September 30, 2017
|Year to date
|Planned expenditures for the year
March 31, 2017
|Expended during the
September 30, 2016
|Year to date
|Transportation and communications||2,802||423||952||2,884||547||1,180|
|Professional and special services||11,759||1,375||3,624||12,519||2,757||5,598|
|Repair and maintenance||189||74||83||68||43||43|
|Utilities, materials and supplies||104,361||27,617||52,652||96,440||25,639||53,052|
|Acquisition of machinery and equipment||525||191||225||820||88||120|
|Public debt charges||21,490,000||4,846,139||10,167,319||22,782,000||5,262,267||10,931,380|
|Other subsidies and payments||36||108,675||166,525||58||(16,563)||3,556|
|Total gross budgetary expenditures||90,143,761||22,392,460||45,132,082||89,463,943||21,991,382||44,581,350|
|Less Revenues netted against expenditures||150||-||-||150||27||27|
|Total net budgetary expenditures||90,143,611||22,392,460||45,132,082||89,463,793||21,991,355||44,581,323|