Federal Support to Provinces and Territories

In 2014-15, provinces and territories will receive $65 billion through major transfers – an increase of $2.7 billion from the previous year.

In 2013-14, provinces and territories received $62.3 billion in major transfers – an increase of $20.4 billion since 2005-06. These transfers are estimated to account for 19 percent of provincial and territorial revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Provinces and Territories
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars) 
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 20,310 20,140 21,729 22,768 24,476 25,672 26,952 28,569 30,283 32,114
Canada Social Transfer1 8,415 8,500 9,607 10,552 10,857 11,179 11,514 11,859 12,215 12,582
Equalization2 10,907 11,535 12,925 13,462 14,185 14,372 14,659 15,423 16,105 16,669
Offshore Offset Payments3 219 386 563 663 645 869 787 443 350 203
Territorial Formula Financing4 2,058 2,118 2,279 2,313 2,498 2,664 2,876 3,111 3,288 3,469
Other payments5         74 525 952 680 56  
 
Total - Federal Support 41,909 42,680 47,102 49,758 52,736 55,281 57,739 60,085 62,297 65,037
Change from 2005–06   +771 +5,193 +7,849 +10,827 +13,372 +15,830 +18,176 +20,389 +23,128
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,301 1,312 1,434 1,499 1,570 1,628 1,683 1,731 1,774 1,831
See explanatory notes
1 CHT/CST include transition protection payments from 2007-08 to 2009-10. CHT includes protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nunavut in 2014-15. CHT also includes separate payments to Ontario in respect of the Canada Health Transfer for 2009-10 ($489 million) and 2010-11 ($246 million) to ensure Ontario receives the same CHT cash support as other Equalization-receiving provinces. CST excludes $31.9 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payments to Saskatchewan ($31.2 million) and Nunavut ($0.7 million) notionally allocated over five and three years respectively beginning in 2008-09.
2 Includes payments and additional amounts. Also includes 2009–10 transitional Equalization protection to Nova Scotia and Manitoba. From 2007–08 onward, reflects the 2007 formula for all provinces except Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) which remained under the previous Equalization formula until 2010–11, when NL made the election to enter into the 2007 Equalization formula.
3 Includes cash amounts from the 1985 and 1986 Accords and cash and notional amounts from the 2005 Arrangements. Includes $64 million in 2014-15 from the 2005 Arrangement. Also includes $83 million in 2011-12, $297 million in 2012-13, $260 million in 2013-14 and $138 million in 2014-15 in cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments to Nova Scotia.
CBO payments in 2013-14 and in 2014-15 are preliminary.
4 Includes payments, additional amounts and data revisions.
5 Other payments include the 2009–10 transition adjustment payment to Nova Scotia ($74 million).
Other payments also include Total Transfer Protection (TTP) provided in 2010–11 ($525 million), 2011–12 ($952 million), 2012–13 ($680 million) and 2013–14 ($56 million) to ensure that a province's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year.
For the purpose of calculating TTP, total major transfers comprise Equalization, CHT, CST and prior year TTP. One-time recoverable payments to Ontario ($150 million) and Prince Edward Island ($1 million) for 2011–12 not included.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador

In 2014-15, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador will receive $676 million through major transfers.

In 2013-14, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador received $673 million in major transfers, accounting for 9 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 343 337 347 403 450 436 449 469 490 490
Canada Social Transfer1 146 146 146 160 164 168 171 180 183 187
Equalization2 861 687 477              
Offshore Offset Payments                    
  1985 Accord 0 110 189 557 465 642 0 0 0 0
  2005 Arrangement 189 219 306 0 0 0 536 0 0 0
 
Total - Offshore Offset Payments3 189 329 494 557 465 642 536 0 0 0
Total Transfer Protection4           8        
 
Total - Federal Support 1,539 1,499 1,465 1,120 1,079 1,253 1,157 649 673 676
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,992 2,936 2,882 2,191 2,093 2,404 2,204 1,234 1,277 1,282
See explanatory notes
1 CHT/CST include transition protection payments for 2007–08. CHT includes protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2014-15.
2 Includes a one-time adjustment of $54 million in 2006–07, and amounts reflect the fact that Newfoundland and Labrador made the election in 2010–11 to enter into the 2007 Equalization formula. Newfoundland and amounts reflect the fact that Newfoundland and Labrador made the election in 2010–11 to enter into the 2007 Equalization formula.
3 Includes cash amounts from the 1985 Accord. The 2005 Arrangement included an upfront payment of $2 billion in 2004-05; amounts presented here are notional allocations, not including the $1,153 million booked by Newfoundland and Labrador in 2008-09 that represents the unused portion of the upfront payment. The $536 million paid in 2011-12 under the 2005 Arrangement represents a transitional payment as Newfoundland and Labrador no longer qualifies for Equalization or Offshore Offset Payments beyond that year. Offshore Offset Payments are not included for the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection.
4 Total Transfer Protection (TTP) was provided in 2010–11 to ensure that Newfoundland and Labrador's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating TTP, total major transfers comprise Equalization, CHT, CST and prior year TTP.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island

In 2014-15, the Government of Prince Edward Island will receive $542 million through major transfers – an increase of $135 million from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Prince Edward Island received $518 million in major transfers, accounting for about 33 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 92 91 95 99 104 109 116 122 128 131
Canada Social Transfer1 39 39 40 44 45 47 49 50 50 51
Equalization 277 291 294 322 340 330 329 337 340 360
Other payments2           3        
 
Total - Federal Support 408 422 429 464 490 490 493 509 518 542
Change from 2005–06   +14 +21 +57 +82 +82 +85 +101 +110 +135
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,954 3,062 3,110 3,349 3,504 3,459 3,430 3,509 3,569 3,735
See explanatory notes
1 CHT/CST include transition protection payments for 2007–08.
2 Other payments include Total Transfer Protection (TTP) provided in 2010–11 to ensure that Prince Edward Island's total major transfers in that year is no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating TTP, total major transfers comprise Equalization, CHT, CST and prior year TTP. One-time recoverable payment of $1 million for 2011–12 not included.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia

In 2014-15, the Government of Nova Scotia will receive $3 billion through major transfers – an increase of $736 million from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Nova Scotia received $3 billion in major transfers, accounting for 33 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 625 620 639 662 700 728 760 796 830 847
Canada Social Transfer 266 269 270 296 302 310 317 323 327 332
Equalization2 1,344 1,386 1,465 1,465 1,391 1,110 1,167 1,268 1,458 1,619
Offshore Offset Payments                    
  1986 Accord 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  2005 Arrangement 27 57 68 106 180 227 250 443 350 203
 
Total - Offshore Offset Payments3 31 57 68 106 180 227 250 443 350 203
Other payments4         74 250 158 13    
 
Total - Federal Support 2,265 2,331 2,442 2,529 2,648 2,626 2,652 2,844 2,965 3,001
Change from 2005–06   +67 +177 +264 +383 +361 +387 +579 +700 +736
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,415 2,485 2,611 2,703 2,824 2,778 2,809 3,010 3,150 3,202
See explanatory notes
1 CHT includes transition protection payments for 2007–08.
2 Equalization includes transitional 2009–10 Equalization protection.
3 The 2005 Arrangement included an upfront payment of $830 million in 2004-05. The amounts reported here include cash and notional allocations from the 2005 Arrangement and cash amounts from the 1986 Accord. Offshore Offset Payments are not included for the purpose of Total Transfer Protection.
Includes $64 million in 2014-15 from the 2005 Arrangement. Also includes $83 million in 2011-12, $297 million in 2012-13, $260 million in 2013-14 and $138 million in 2014-15 in cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments to Nova Scotia.
CBO payments in 2013-14 and in 2014-15 are preliminary.
4 Other payments include the 2009–10 transition adjustment payment ($74 million). They also include Total Transfer Protection (TTP) provided between 2010–11 and 2012–13 to ensure that Nova Scotia's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating TTP, total major transfers comprise Equalization, CHT, CST and prior year TTP. Total Transfer Protection includes $250 million in 2010–11, $158 million in 2011–12 and $13 million in 2012–13.

Federal Support to New Brunswick

In 2014-15, the Government of New Brunswick will receive $2.6 billion through major transfers – an increase of $557 million from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of New Brunswick received $2.5 billion in major transfers, accounting for almost 32 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to New Brunswick
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars) 
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 499 493 512 528 557 582 608 638 667 682
Canada Social Transfer1 212 214 216 237 241 247 252 259 263 267
Equalization 1,348 1,451 1,477 1,584 1,689 1,581 1,483 1,495 1,513 1,666
Total Transfer Protection2           80 150 103 49  
 
Total - Federal Support 2,059 2,157 2,204 2,348 2,488 2,491 2,493 2,494 2,492 2,616
Change from 2005–06   +98 +146 +289 +430 +432 +434 +435 +433 +557
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,752 2,892 2,958 3,144 3,319 3,308 3,301 3,296 3,296 3,464
See explanatory notes
1 CHT/CST include transition protection payments for 2007–08.
2 Total Transfer Protection (TTP) is provided between 2010–11 and 2013–14 to ensure that New Brunswick's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating TTP, total major transfers comprise Equalization, CHT, CST and prior year TTP.

Federal Support to Quebec

In 2014-15, the Government of Quebec will receive $19.6 billion through major transfers – an increase of $7.6 billion from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Quebec received $17.9 billion in major transfers, accounting for 26 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Quebec
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 5,049 5,036 5,246 5,471 5,799 6,124 6,439 6,805 7,184 7,427
Canada Social Transfer 2,146 2,185 2,215 2,452 2,520 2,590 2,664 2,759 2,834 2,911
Equalization 4,798 5,539 7,160 8,028 8,355 8,552 7,815 7,391 7,833 9,286
Total Transfer Protection2             369 362    
 
Total - Federal Support 11,993 12,760 14,622 15,952 16,673 17,267 17,287 17,317 17,851 19,623
Change from 2005–06   +767 +2,629 +3,959 +4,680 +5,274 +5,294 +5,324 +5,858 +7,630
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,583 1,673 1,902 2,057 2,128 2,180 2,161 2,145 2,191 2,387
See explanatory notes
1 CHT includes transition protection payments for 2007–08.
2 Total Transfer Protection (TTP) was provided in 2011–12 and in 2012–13 to ensure that Quebec's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating TTP, total major transfers comprise Equalization, CHT, CST and prior year TTP.

Federal Support to Ontario

In 2014-15, the Government of Ontario will receive $19.2 billion through major transfers – an increase of $8.3 billion from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Ontario received $19.8 billion in major transfers, accounting for about 17 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Ontario
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars) 
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 7,720 7,732 8,401 8,981 9,722 10,141 10,663 11,290 11,925 12,335
Canada Social Transfer 3,164 3,245 3,686 4,090 4,205 4,332 4,463 4,577 4,704 4,835
Equalization         347 972 2,200 3,261 3,169 1,988
 
Total - Federal Support 10,885 10,977 12,087 13,071 14,274 15,446 17,326 19,128 19,799 19,158
Change from 2005–06   +92 +1,202 +2,187 +3,390 +4,561 +6,441 +8,243 +8,914 +8,273
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 870 868 948 1,016 1,100 1,178 1,308 1,428 1,464 1,403

See explanatory notes
1 One-time recoverable payment of $150 million for 2011–12 not included.
2 CHT includes separate payments to Ontario in respect of the Canada Health Transfer for 2009-10 ($489 million) and 2010-11 ($246 million) to ensure Ontario receives the same CHT cash support as other Equalization-receiving provinces.

Federal Support to Manitoba

In 2014-15, the Government of Manitoba will receive $3.4 billion through major transfers – an increase of $640 million from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Manitoba received $3.4 billion in major transfers, accounting for about 24 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Manitoba
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 785 781 813 851 903 943 992 1,052 1,114 1,156
Canada Social Transfer 334 339 344 381 392 404 418 426 440 453
Equalization1 1,601 1,709 1,826 2,063 2,063 1,826 1,666 1,671 1,792 1,750
Total Transfer Protection2           175 276 201 7  
 
Total - Federal Support 2,719 2,830 2,982 3,295 3,359 3,348 3,351 3,350 3,353 3,360
Change from 2005–06   +110 +263 +576 +640 +629 +632 +631 +634 +640
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,308 2,392 2,510 2,754 2,783 2,746 2,720 2,684 2,653 2,625
See explanatory notes
1 Equalization includes transitional 2009–10 Equalization protection.
2 Total Transfer Protection (TTP) is provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that Manitoba's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating TTP, total major transfers comprise Equalization, CHT, CST and prior year TTP.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan

In 2014-15, the Government of Saskatchewan will receive $1.4 billion through major transfers – an increase of $335 million from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Saskatchewan received $1.4 billion in major transfers, accounting for about 12 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 694 711 756 756 843 824 852 912 977 1,019
Canada Social Transfer1 301 319 335 335 335 342 353 371 385 400
Equalization2 89 13 226              
Total Transfer Protection3           7        
 
Total - Federal Support 1,084 1,043 1,317 1,090 1,178 1,174 1,205 1,283 1,361 1,419
Change from 2005–06   -41 +233 +7 +95 +90 +121 +199 +278 +335
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,090 1,051 1,316 1,073 1,141 1,118 1,132 1,182 1,230 1,258
See explanatory notes.
1 CHT includes transition protection payments for 2007-08 and 2008-09. CST includes transition protection payments for 2007-08, 2008-09 and 2009-10. CST excludes $31.2 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payment notionally allocated over five years beginning in 2008-09.
2 Includes a crown lease compensation payment of $7 million in 2005–06.
3 Total Transfer Protection (TTP) was provided in 2010–11 to ensure that Saskatchewan's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating TTP, total major transfers comprise Equalization, CHT, CST and prior year TTP.

Federal Support to Alberta

In 2014-15, the Government of Alberta will receive $5.2 billion through major transfers – an increase of $3 billion from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Alberta received $4.1 billion in major transfers, accounting for almost 11 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Alberta
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 1,641 1,473 1,784 1,784 1,962 2,155 2,257 2,453 2,723 3,751
Canada Social Transfer 592 500 1,011 1,136 1,181 1,219 1,260 1,325 1,396 1,470
 
Total - Federal Support 2,233 1,973 2,795 2,920 3,143 3,374 3,518 3,778 4,119 5,221
Change from 2005–06   -260 +562 +686 +910 +1,140 +1,285 +1,545 +1,885 +2,988
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 674 578 797 814 856 905 930 974 1,027 1,258
See explanatory notes
1 CHT includes transition protection payments for 2007–08 and 2008–09.

Federal Support to British Columbia

In 2014-15, the Government of British Columbia will receive $5.8 billion through major transfers – an increase of $1.2 billion from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of British Columbia received $5.7 billion in major transfers, accounting for 13 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to British Columbia
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 2,795 2,798 3,065 3,162 3,354 3,550 3,734 3,946 4,154 4,170
Canada Social Transfer1 1,188 1,214 1,311 1,385 1,435 1,484 1,528 1,551 1,592 1,634
Equalization2 590 459                
 
Total - Federal Support 4,573 4,472 4,376 4,547 4,789 5,034 5,262 5,497 5,747 5,804
Change from 2005–06   -101 -197 -25 +216 +461 +690 +924 +1,174 +1,231
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,091 1,055 1,021 1,047 1,087 1,128 1,171 1,211 1,256 1,258
See explanatory notes
1 CHT/CST include transition protection payments for 2007–08.
2 Includes a one-time adjustment of $199 million in 2006–07. British Columbia no longer qualifies for Equalization as from 2007–08 due to the strength of its economy relative to the other provinces.

Federal Support to the Yukon

In 2014-15, the Government of Yukon will receive $898 million through major transfers – an increase of $365 million from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Yukon received $860 million in major transfers, accounting for 73 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to the Yukon
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 22 22 23 23 26 26 27 29 31 33
Canada Social Transfer1 10 10 9 10 11 11 12 12 13 13
Territorial Formula Financing2 501 517 544 564 612 653 705 767 817 851
 
Total - Federal Support 533 549 576 598 649 690 744 809 860 898
Change from 2005–06   +16 +43 +65 +116 +158 +211 +276 +328 +365
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 16,701 17,039 17,728 18,078 19,298 20,005 21,048 22,408 23,566 24,310
See explanatory notes
1 CST includes transition protection payments for 2007–08.
2 Includes a one-time adjustment of $0.3 million in 2006–07, a devolution payment of $4 million in 2007–08 and data revisions resulting in payments of $14 million in 2005–06 and $11 million in 2006–07.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories

In 2014-15, the Government of Northwest Territories will receive $1.3 billion through major transfers – an increase of $498 million from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Northwest Territories received $1.2 billion in major transfers, accounting for 72 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 22 23 25 24 27 26 25 26 27 39
Canada Social Transfer 8 9 13 14 14 14 15 15 15 15
Territorial Formula Financing1 737 757 843 805 864 920 996 1,070 1,121 1,209
 
Total - Federal Support 766 789 880 842 905 960 1,036 1,111 1,163 1,263
Change from 2005–06   +23 +114 +77 +139 +194 +270 +345 +397 +498
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 17,639 18,303 20,360 19,423 20,953 22,244 23,846 25,513 26,773 29,136
See explanatory notes
1 Includes a corporate income tax adjustment of $54 million in 2007–08 and data revisions of $23 million in 2005–06 and $18 million in 2006–07.

Federal Support to Nunavut

In 2014-15, the Government of Nunavut will receive $1.5 billion through major transfers – an increase of $602 million from 2005-06.

In 2013-14, the Government of Nunavut received $1.4 billion in major transfers, accounting for 83 percent of its revenues in that year.

Federal Support to Nunavut
  2005
–2006
2006
–2007
2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
  (millions of dollars)
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 23 23 25 25 27 28 29 31 34 34
Canada Social Transfer1 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 13
Territorial Formula Financing2 821 844 893 944 1,022 1,091 1,175 1,273 1,350 1,409
 
Total - Federal Support 854 878 928 979 1,060 1,129 1,216 1,317 1,396 1,456
Change from 2005–06   +24 +75 +126 +206 +275 +362 +463 +543 +602
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 28,231 28,544 29,614 30,755 32,512 33,942 35,680 38,018 39,373 40,080
See explanatory notes
1 CST includes transition protection payments for 2007–08, 2008–09 and 2009–10. CHT includes protection payments to Nunavut in 2014-15. CST also includes $0.7 million Budget 2008 transition protection payment to Nunavut notionally allocated over three years beginning in 2008–09.
2 Includes a one-time adjustment of $2 million in 2006–07 and data revisions resulting in payments of $22 million in 2005–06 and $18 million in 2006–07.

Explanatory Notes for Tables on Federal Support to Provinces and Territories

Totals may not add due to rounding and are subject to regular revision.

CHT figures include the 2004 CHST Supplement for Health ($1 billion in 2005–06) and the 2003 CHST Supplement ($310 million in 2005–06).

CST figures include the 2003 CHST Supplement ($190 million in 2005–06). CST excludes a one-time payment ($250 million) for the creation of child care spaces for 2007–08 (Budget 2007).

Prior to 2009–10, wait times reduction funding to provinces and territories was allocated through a trust fund.

The Government also provided support for short-term targeted policy initiatives, such as the one-year provision for phased-out early learning and child care ($650 million) in 2006–07, and 2004 Northern Economic Development ($20 million) from 2005–06 to 2008–09. It further provided support to provinces and territories through trust funds. The amounts are not included in the tables. Additional information can be found on the Finance Canada web site.