Federal Support to Provinces and Territories

In 2016-17, provinces and territories will receive $70.9 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Provinces and Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 21,729 22,768 24,476 25,672 26,952 28,569 30,283 32,113 34,026 36,068
Canada Social Transfer3 9,607 10,552 10,857 11,179 11,514 11,859 12,215 12,582 12,959 13,348
Equalization4 12,925 13,462 14,185 14,372 14,659 15,423 16,105 16,669 17,341 17,880
Offshore Offset Payments5 563 663 645 869 787 443 350 196 125 49
Territorial Formula Financing6 2,279 2,313 2,498 2,664 2,876 3,111 3,288 3,469 3,561 3,536
Total Transfer Protection7       525 952 680 56      
Additional payment8     74              
 
Total - Federal Support 47,102 49,758 52,736 55,281 57,739 60,085 62,297 65,029 68,013 70,882
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,434 1,499 1,570 1,628 1,683 1,731 1,774 1,832 1,899 1,960

See additional notes
1 One-time recoverable payments to Ontario ($150 million) and Prince Edward Island ($1 million) for 2011-12 not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments from 2007-08 to 2008-09.
It includes Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nunavut in 2014-15.
It also includes separate payments to Ontario in respect of the Canada Health Transfer for 2009-10 ($489 million) and 2010-11 ($246 million) to ensure Ontario receives the same Canada Health Transfer cash support as other Equalization-receiving provinces.
3 Canada Social Transfer includes transition protection payments from 2007-08 to 2009-10.
It excludes $31.9 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payments to Saskatchewan ($31.2 million) and Nunavut ($0.7 million) notionally allocated over five and three years respectively beginning in 2008-09.
4 Includes payments and additional amounts. Also includes 2009-10 transitional Equalization protection to Nova Scotia and Manitoba. From 2007-08 onward, reflects the 2007 formula for all provinces except Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) which remained under the previous Equalization formula until 2010-11, when NL elected to enter into the 2007 Equalization formula.
5 Offshore Offset Payments include cash amounts from the 1985 and 1986 Accords and cash and notional amounts from the 2005 Arrangements. Include $37 million in 2015-16 and $33 million in 2016-17 in 2005 Arrangements. Also include $83 million in 2011-12, $297 million in 2012-13, $260 million in 2013-14, $131 million in 2014-15, $88 million in 2015-16 and $16 million in 2016-17 in Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments to Nova Scotia.
Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments in 2016-17 are preliminary.
6 Includes additional payments.
7 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that a province's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year.
For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.
8 2009-10 transition adjustment payment to Nova Scotia ($74 million).

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador

In 2016-17, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador will receive $723 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 347 403 450 436 449 468 486 490 502 528
Canada Social Transfer1 146 160 164 168 171 180 184 187 191 195
Equalization2 477                  
Offshore Offset Payments                    
  1985 Accord 189 557 465 642            
  2005 Arrangement 306       536          
 
Total - Offshore Offset Payments3 494 557 465 642 536          
Total Transfer Protection4       8            
 
Total - Federal Support 1,465 1,120 1,079 1,253 1,157 648 669 677 693 723
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,882 2,191 2,093 2,404 2,204 1,232 1,268 1,281 1,312 1,366
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer/Canada Social Transfer include transition protection payments for 2007-08. Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2014-15.
2 Includes a one-time adjustment of $54 million in 2006-07, and amounts reflect the fact that Newfoundland and Labrador elected in 2010-11 to enter into the 2007 Equalization formula. Newfoundland and Labrador no longer qualifies for Equalization from 2008-09 due to the strength of its economy relative to the other provinces.
3 Offshore Offset Payments include cash amounts from the 1985 Accord. The 2005 Arrangement included an upfront payment of $2 billion in 2004-05; amounts presented here are notional allocations, not including the $1,153 million booked by Newfoundland and Labrador in 2008-09 that represents the unused portion of the upfront payment. The $536 million paid in 2011-12 under the 2005 Arrangement represents a transitional payment as Newfoundland and Labrador no longer qualifies for Equalization or Offshore Offset Payments beyond that year.
4 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2010-11 to ensure that Newfoundland and Labrador's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection and not Offshore Offset Payments.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island

In 2016-17, the Government of Prince Edward Island will receive $582 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 95 99 104 109 116 123 129 132 139 147
Canada Social Transfer2 40 44 45 47 49 50 51 52 53 54
Equalization 294 322 340 330 329 337 340 360 361 380
Total Transfer Protection3       3            
 
Total - Federal Support 429 464 490 490 493 509 519 544 553 582
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 3,110 3,349 3,504 3,459 3,430 3,511 3,573 3,722 3,780 3,940

See additional notes
1 One-time recoverable payment of $1 million for 2011-12 not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer/Canada Social Transfer include transition protection payments for 2007-08.
3 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2010-11 to ensure that Prince Edward Island’s total major transfers in that year are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia

In 2016-17, the Government of Nova Scotia will receive $3.1 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 639 662 700 728 760 800 838 852 896 943
Canada Social Transfer 270 296 302 310 317 323 328 334 341 349
Equalization2 1,465 1,465 1,391 1,110 1,167 1,268 1,458 1,619 1,690 1,722
Offshore Offset Payments                    
  1986 Accord                    
  2005 Arrangement 68 106 180 227 250 443 350 196 125 49
 
Total - Offshore Offset Payments3 68 106 180 227 250 443 350 196 125 49
Total Transfer Protection4       250 158 13        
Additional payment5     74              
 
Total - Federal Support 2,442 2,529 2,648 2,626 2,652 2,848 2,974 3,001 3,051 3,063
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,611 2,703 2,824 2,788 2,810 3,014 3,153 3,185 3,236 3,240
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments for 2007-08.
2 Equalization includes transitional 2009–10 Equalization protection.
3 The 2005 Arrangement included an upfront payment of $830 million in 2004-05. The amounts reported here include cash and notional allocations from the 2005 Arrangement and cash amounts from the 1986 Accord.
Offshore Offset Payments include $37 million in 2015-16 and in $33 million in 2016-17 in 2005 Arrangement. Also include $83 million in 2011-12, $297 million in 2012-13, $260 million in 2013-14, $131 million in 2014-15, $88 million in 2015-16 and $16 million in 2016-17 in Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments to Nova Scotia.
Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments in 2016-17 are preliminary.
4 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2012-13 to ensure that Nova Scotia’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection and not Offshore Offset Payments.
5 2009-10 transition adjustment payment ($74 million).

Federal Support to New Brunswick

In 2016-17, the Government of New Brunswick will receive $2.7 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to New Brunswick
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 512 528 557 582 609 641 672 682 716 754
Canada Social Transfer1 216 237 241 247 252 259 263 267 273 279
Equalization 1,477 1,584 1,689 1,581 1,483 1,495 1,513 1,666 1,669 1,708
Total Transfer Protection2       80 150 103 49      
 
Total - Federal Support 2,204 2,348 2,488 2,491 2,493 2,497 2,496 2,616 2,658 2,741
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,958 3,144 3,319 3,308 3,301 3,300 3,303 3,466 3,526 3,626
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer/Canada Social Transfer include transition protection payments for 2007-08.
2 Total Transfer Protection is provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that New Brunswick’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Quebec

In 2016-17, the Government of Quebec will receive $21.4 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Quebec
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 5,246 5,471 5,799 6,124 6,445 6,836 7,239 7,420 7,844 8,300
Canada Social Transfer 2,215 2,452 2,520 2,590 2,664 2,759 2,834 2,908 2,987 3,072
Equalization 7,160 8,028 8,355 8,552 7,815 7,391 7,833 9,286 9,521 10,030
Total Transfer Protection2         369 362        
 
Total - Federal Support 14,622 15,952 16,673 17,267 17,292 17,349 17,907 19,614 20,352 21,402
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,902 2,057 2,128 2,180 2,162 2,148 2,198 2,390 2,465 2,571
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments for 2007-08.
2 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2011-12 and in 2012-13 to ensure that Quebec’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Ontario

In 2016-17, the Government of Ontario will receive $21.3 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Ontario
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 8,401 8,981 9,722 10,141 10,673 11,339 12,027 12,353 13,089 13,867
Canada Social Transfer 3,686 4,090 4,205 4,332 4,463 4,577 4,709 4,842 4,985 5,132
Equalization3     347 972 2,200 3,261 3,169 1,988 2,363 2,304
 
Total - Federal Support 12,087 13,071 14,274 15,446 17,335 19,177 19,905 19,184 20,437 21,303
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 948 1,016 1,100 1,178 1,309 1,432 1,471 1,404 1,483 1,532

See additional notes
1 One-time recoverable payment of $150 million for 2011–12 not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes separate payments to Ontario in respect of the Canada Health Transfer for 2009-10 ($489 million) and 2010-11 ($246 million) to ensure Ontario receives the same Canada Health Transfer cash support as other Equalization-receiving provinces.
3 Ontario qualifies for Equalization from 2009-10 onwards due to the limited relative strength of its economy when compared to the other provinces.

Federal Support to Manitoba

In 2016-17, the Government of Manitoba will receive $3.5 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Manitoba
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 813 851 903 943 993 1,057 1,123 1,156 1,227 1,304
Canada Social Transfer 344 381 392 404 418 426 440 453 467 482
Equalization1 1,826 2,063 2,063 1,826 1,666 1,671 1,792 1,750 1,738 1,736
Total Transfer Protection2       175 276 201 7      
 
Total - Federal Support 2,982 3,295 3,359 3,348 3,352 3,355 3,362 3,359 3,432 3,522
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,510 2,754 2,783 2,746 2,721 2,688 2,660 2,627 2,658 2,694
See additional notes
1 Equalization includes transitional 2009–10 Equalization protection.
2 Total Transfer Protection is provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that Manitoba’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan

In 2016-17, the Government of Saskatchewan will receive $1.6 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 756 756 843 824 850 906 973 1,013 1,076 1,145
Canada Social Transfer2 335 335 335 342 353 371 384 397 410 424
Equalization3 226                  
Total Transfer Protection4       7            
 
Total - Federal Support 1,317 1,090 1,178 1,174 1,204 1,277 1,358 1,411 1,486 1,568
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,316 1,073 1,141 1,118 1,130 1,177 1,229 1,259 1,312 1,366

See additional notes.
1 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments for 2007-08 and 2008-09.
2 Canada Social Transfer includes transition protection payments for 2007-08, 2008-09 and 2009-10. Canada Social Transfer excludes $31.2 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payment notionally allocated over five years beginning in 2008-09.
3 Saskatchewan no longer qualifies for Equalization from 2008-09 due to the strength of its economy relative to the other provinces.
4Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2010-11 to ensure that Saskatchewan’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Alberta

In 2016-17, the Government of Alberta will receive $5.8 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Alberta
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 1,784 1,784 1,962 2,155 2,234 2,337 2,511 3,718 3,980 4,245
Canada Social Transfer 1,011 1,136 1,181 1,219 1,260 1,325 1,390 1,457 1,516 1,571
Equalization2                    
 
Total - Federal Support 2,795 2,920 3,143 3,374 3,495 3,661 3,902 5,175 5,496 5,817
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 797 814 856 905 924 944 976 1,259 1,312 1,366

See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments for 2007-08 and 2008-09.
2 Alberta does not qualify for Equalization due to the strength of its economy relative to the other provinces.

Federal Support to British Columbia

In 2016-17, the Government of British Columbia will receive $6.5 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to British Columbia
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 3,065 3,162 3,354 3,550 3,741 3,972 4,187 4,190 4,446 4,716
Canada Social Transfer1 1,311 1,385 1,435 1,484 1,528 1,551 1,593 1,642 1,693 1,745
Equalization2                    
 
Total - Federal Support 4,376 4,547 4,789 5,034 5,269 5,523 5,779 5,832 6,139 6,461
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,021 1,047 1,087 1,128 1,172 1,217 1,262 1,259 1,312 1,366
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer/Canada Social Transfer include transition protection payments for 2007-08.
2 British Columbia no longer qualifies for Equalization from 2007-08 due to the strength of its economy relative to the other provinces.

Federal Support to the Yukon

In 2016-17, the Government of Yukon will receive $930 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to the Yukon
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 23 23 26 26 27 29 32 33 35 38
Canada Social Transfer1 9 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14
Territorial Formula Financing2 544 564 612 653 705 767 817 851 874 878
 
Total - Federal Support 576 598 649 690 744 809 861 898 923 930
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 17,728 18,078 19,298 20,005 21,046 22,454 23,754 24,391 24,711 24,333
See additional notes
1 Canada Social Transfer includes transition protection payments for 2007-08.
2 Includes a devolution payment of $4 million in 2007-08.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories

In 2016-17, the Government of Northwest Territories will receive $1.3 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 25 24 27 26 26 30 32 40 42 44
Canada Social Transfer 13 14 14 14 15 15 15 16 16 16
Territorial Formula Financing1 843 805 864 920 996 1,070 1,121 1,209 1,233 1,196
 
Total - Federal Support 880 842 905 960 1,037 1,115 1,168 1,264 1,290 1,256
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 20,360 19,423 20,953 22,244 23,864 25,541 26,669 28,774 29,319 28,351
See additional notes
1 Includes a corporate income tax adjustment of $54 million in 2007-08.

Federal Support to Nunavut

In 2016-17, the Government of Nunavut will receive $1.5 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nunavut
(millions of dollars)
  2007
–2008
2008
–2009
2009
–2010
2010
–2011
2011
–2012
2012
–2013
2013
–2014
2014
–2015
2015
–2016
2016
–2017
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 25 25 27 28 29 31 34 34 35 37
Canada Social Transfer1 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 13 13 14
Territorial Formula Financing 893 944 1,022 1,091 1,175 1,273 1,350 1,409 1,454 1,462
 
Total - Federal Support 928 979 1,060 1,129 1,216 1,317 1,396 1,456 1,502 1,514
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 29,614 30,755 32,512 33,942 35,677 37,948 39,532 40,352 40,821 40,364
See additional notes
1Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Nunavut in 2014-15.
Canada Social Transfer includes transition protection payments for 2007-08, 2008-09 and 2009-10. Canada Social Transfer excludes $0.7 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payment to Nunavut notionally allocated over three years beginning in 2008-09.

Additional Notes for Tables on Federal Support to Provinces and Territories

Totals may not add due to rounding and are subject to regular revision.

Canada Social Transfer excludes a one-time payment ($250 million) for the creation of child care spaces for 2007-08 (Budget 2007).

The table excludes Wait Times Reduction Transfer allocated to provinces and territories from 2009-10 to 2013-14.